|Product Name:||1-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene||Melting Point:||43-47 °C(lit.)|
|Boiling Point:||236 °C(lit.)||Density:||1.534 G/mL At 25 °C(lit.)|
|Storage Temp.:||Store Below +30°C.||Water Solubility:||INSOLUBLE|
1.534 gmL 1-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene,
pharmaceutical APIs and intermediate 1-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene
Nitrochlorobenzene is typically synthesized by nitration of chlorobenzene in the presence of sulfuric acid:
C6H5Cl + HNO3 → O2NC6H4Cl + H2O
This reaction affords a mixture of isomers. Using an acid ratio of 30/56/14, the product mix is typically 34-36% 2-nitrochlorobenzene and 63-65% 4-nitrochlorobenzene, with only about 1% 3-nitrochlorobenzene.
Since the above synthetic route does not efficiently produce the 3-isomer, the route most commonly used by chemists is the chlorination of nitrobenzene. This reaction must be carried out with a sublimed iron(III) catalyst at 33-45 °C.
|Melting point:||43-47 °C(lit.)|
|Boiling point:||236 °C(lit.)|
|Density||1.534 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)|
|refractive index||1.5545 (estimate)|
|Flash point:||218 °F|
|storage temp.||Store below +30°C.|
|solubility||alcohol: freely soluble (hot)(lit.)|
|PH||7 (0.26g/l, H2O, 20℃)|
|Stability:||Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, strong reducing agents.|
|Product category:||pharmaceutical APIs and intermediate|
|Appearance:||light yellow to yellow crystal|
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