|CAS:||79-24-3||Product Name:||Nitro Chloro Benzene|
|Appearance:||Colorless Oily Liquid||Content:||≥98%|
|Vapor Pressure:||15.6 Mm Hg ( 20 °C)||Fp:||87 °F|
|PH:||6 (1g/l, H2O, 25℃)||Water Solubility:||4.6 G/100 ML (20 ºC)|
oily liquid Nitrochlorobenzene,
79-24-3 Nitro Chloro Benzene colorless oily liquid
Nitroethane is an organic compound having the chemical formula C2H5NO2. Similar in many regards to nitromethane, nitroethane is an oily liquid at standard temperature and pressure. Pure nitroethane is colorless and has a fruity odor.
Nitroethane is produced industrially by treating propane with nitric acid at 350–450 °C. This exothermic reaction produces four industrially significant nitroalkanes: nitromethane, nitroethane, 1-nitropropane, and 2-nitropropane.
The reaction involves free radicals, such as CH3CH2CH2O., which arise via homolysis of the corresponding nitrite ester. These alkoxy radicals are susceptible to C—C fragmentation reactions, which explains the formation of a mixture of products
|Melting point||-90 °C|
|Boiling point||114-115 °C(lit.)|
|density||1.045 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)|
|vapor density||2.58 (vs air)|
|vapor pressure||15.6 mm Hg ( 20 °C)|
|refractive index||n20/D 1.391(lit.)|
|storage temp.||Flammables area|
|form||Colorless, oily liquid|
|PH||6 (1g/l, H2O, 25℃)|
|Water Solubility||4.6 g/100 mL (20 ºC)|
|Henry's Law Constant||3.50 at 20.00 °C, 5.86 at 30.00 °C, 9.38 at 40.00 °C, 15.7 at 50.00 °C (inert gas stripping, Bene? and Dohnal, 1999)|
|Exposure limits||NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (310 mg/m3), IDLH 1,000 ppm; OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm; ACGIH TLV: TWA 100 ppm (adopted).|
|Stability:||Stability Contact with a variety of materials may cause fire or explosion, especially if heated. Incompatible with amines, strong acids, strong oxidizing agents, combustible materials, metal oxides, strong bases, alkalies.|
|CAS DataBase Reference||79-24-3(CAS DataBase Reference)|
|NIST Chemistry Reference||Ethane, nitro-(79-24-3)|
|EPA Substance Registry System||Nitroethane (79-24-3)|
|RIDADR||UN 2842 3/PG 3|
|Autoignition Temperature||778 °F|
|Hazardous Substances Data||79-24-3(Hazardous Substances Data)|
|Toxicity||Acute oral LD50 for mice 860 mg/kg, rats 1,100 mg/kg (quoted, RTECS, 1985).|
|Product category:||pharmaceutical APIs and intermediate|
|Appearance:||colorless oily liquid|
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