|Appearance:||Fused Crystalline Mass||MF:||C6H4ClNO2|
|Density:||1.348 G/mL At 25 °C(lit.)||Melting Point:||31-33 °C(lit.)|
|Boiling Point:||246 °C(lit.)||EINECS:||201-854-9|
88-73-3 2 Nitrochlorobenzene,
C6H4ClNO2 2 Nitrochlorobenzene
88-73-3 2-Nitrochlorobenzene C6H4ClNO2 Fused Crystalline Mass
Nitrochlorobenzene is typically synthesized by nitration of chlorobenzene in the presence of sulfuric acid:
C6H5Cl + HNO3 → O2NC6H4Cl + H2O
This reaction affords a mixture of isomers. Using an acid ratio of 30/56/14, the product mix is typically 34-36% 2-nitrochlorobenzene and 63-65% 4-nitrochlorobenzene, with only about 1% 3-nitrochlorobenzene.
Alkylation and electrophilic aromatic substitution can occur at the chlorinated carbon center, and a diverse array of reactions can be carried out using the nitro group. 2-Nitrochlorobenzene can be reduced to the 2-chloroaniline with Fe/HCl mixture, the Bechamp reduction. Treatment of 2-nitrochlorobenzene with sodium methoxide gives 2-nitroanisole.
|Product Categories:||alkyl chloride| nitro-compound;Building Blocks;Chemical Synthesis;Nitro Compounds;Nitrogen Compounds;Organic Building Blocks;Alpha Sort;Analytical Standards;AromaticsVolatiles/ Semivolatiles;C;CAlphabetic;CHChemical Class;Chemical Class;ChloroAnalytical Standards;Halogenated;Nitro Compounds;Nitrogen Compounds;Organic Building Blocks;Agrochemical Intermediates;Benzene derivatives;Intermediates of Dyes and Pigments|
|Melting point||31-33 °C(lit.)|
|Boiling point||246 °C(lit.)|
|density||1.348 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)|
|vapor density||5.4 (vs air)|
|vapor pressure||0.04 mm Hg ( 25 °C)|
|refractive index||1.5520 (estimate)|
|storage temp.||Store below +30°C.|
|form||Fused Crystalline Mass|
|PH||6 (0.4g/l, H2O, 20℃)|
|Water Solubility||0.43 g/L (20 ºC)|
|Stability:||Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, reducing agents, strong bases, alkali metals.|
|CAS DataBase Reference||
88-73-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
|IARC||2B (Vol. 65, 123) 2020|
|NIST Chemistry Reference||Benzene, 1-chloro-2-nitro-(88-73-3)|
|EPA Substance Registry System||o-Chloronitrobenzene (88-73-3)|
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