|CAS:||79-24-3||Product Name:||Nitro Chloro Benzene|
|Appearance:||Colorless Oily Liquid||Content:||≥98%|
|Vapor Pressure:||15.6 Mm Hg ( 20 °C)||Refractive Index:||N20/D 1.391(lit.)|
|Fp:||87 °F||Storage Temp.:||Flammables Area|
|PH:||6 (1g/l, H2O, 25℃)||Water Solubility:||4.6 G/100 ML (20 ºC)|
79-24-3 Nitro Chloro Benzene,
79-24-3 oily liquid,
Colorless Nitro Chloro Benzene
79-24-3 Nitro Chloro Benzene colorless oily liquid
Alternatively, nitroethane can be produced by the Victor Meyer reaction of haloethanes such as chloroethane, bromoethane, or iodoethane with silver nitrite in diethyl ether or THF. The Kornblum modification of this reaction uses sodium nitrite in either a dimethyl sulfoxide or dimethylformamide solvent.
Via condensations like the Henry reaction, nitroethane converts to several compounds of commercial interest. Condensation with 3,4-dimethoxybenzaldehyde affords the precursor to the antihypertensive drug methyldopa; condensation with unsubstituted benzaldehyde yields phenyl-2-nitropropene.
|Melting point||-90 °C|
|Boiling point||114-115 °C(lit.)|
|density||1.045 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)|
|vapor density||2.58 (vs air)|
|vapor pressure||15.6 mm Hg ( 20 °C)|
|refractive index||n20/D 1.391(lit.)|
|storage temp.||Flammables area|
|form||Colorless, oily liquid|
|PH||6 (1g/l, H2O, 25℃)|
|Water Solubility||4.6 g/100 mL (20 ºC)|
|Henry's Law Constant||3.50 at 20.00 °C, 5.86 at 30.00 °C, 9.38 at 40.00 °C, 15.7 at 50.00 °C (inert gas stripping, Bene? and Dohnal, 1999)|
|Exposure limits||NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (310 mg/m3), IDLH 1,000 ppm; OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm; ACGIH TLV: TWA 100 ppm (adopted).|
|Stability:||Stability Contact with a variety of materials may cause fire or explosion, especially if heated. Incompatible with amines, strong acids, strong oxidizing agents, combustible materials, metal oxides, strong bases, alkalies.|
|CAS DataBase Reference||79-24-3(CAS DataBase Reference)|
|NIST Chemistry Reference||Ethane, nitro-(79-24-3)|
|EPA Substance Registry System||Nitroethane (79-24-3)|
|RIDADR||UN 2842 3/PG 3|
|Autoignition Temperature||778 °F|
|Hazardous Substances Data||79-24-3(Hazardous Substances Data)|
|Toxicity||Acute oral LD50 for mice 860 mg/kg, rats 1,100 mg/kg (quoted, RTECS, 1985).|
|Product category:||pharmaceutical APIs and intermediate|
|Appearance:||colorless oily liquid|
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