|CAS:||79-24-3||Product Name:||Nitro Chloro Benzene|
|Appearance:||Colorless Oily Liquid||Content:||≥98%|
|Vapor Pressure:||15.6 Mm Hg ( 20 °C)||Refractive Index:||N20/D 1.391(lit.)|
|Fp:||87 °F||Storage Temp.:||Flammables Area|
|PH:||6 (1g/l, H2O, 25℃)||Water Solubility:||4.6 G/100 ML (20 ºC)|
15.6 mm Hg Nitrochlorobenzene,
15.6 mm Hg 79-24-3
79-24-3 Nitro Chloro Benzene colorless oily liquid
Nitroethane condenses with two equivalents of formaldehyde to give, after hydrogenation, 2-amino-2-methyl-1,3-propanediol, which in turn condenses with oleic acid to give an oxazoline, which protonates to give a cationic surfactant.
Like some other nitrated organic compounds, nitroethane is also used as a fuel additive and a precursor to Rocket propellants.
Nitroethane is a useful solvent for polymers such as polystyrene and is particularly useful for dissolving cyanoacrylate adhesives. In cosmetics applications, it has been used as a component in artificial nail remover and in overhead ceiling sealant sprays.
|Melting point||-90 °C|
|Boiling point||114-115 °C(lit.)|
|density||1.045 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)|
|vapor density||2.58 (vs air)|
|vapor pressure||15.6 mm Hg ( 20 °C)|
|refractive index||n20/D 1.391(lit.)|
|storage temp.||Flammables area|
|form||Colorless, oily liquid|
|PH||6 (1g/l, H2O, 25℃)|
|Water Solubility||4.6 g/100 mL (20 ºC)|
|Henry's Law Constant||3.50 at 20.00 °C, 5.86 at 30.00 °C, 9.38 at 40.00 °C, 15.7 at 50.00 °C (inert gas stripping, Bene? and Dohnal, 1999)|
|Exposure limits||NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (310 mg/m3), IDLH 1,000 ppm; OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm; ACGIH TLV: TWA 100 ppm (adopted).|
|Stability:||Stability Contact with a variety of materials may cause fire or explosion, especially if heated. Incompatible with amines, strong acids, strong oxidizing agents, combustible materials, metal oxides, strong bases, alkalies.|
|CAS DataBase Reference||79-24-3(CAS DataBase Reference)|
|NIST Chemistry Reference||Ethane, nitro-(79-24-3)|
|EPA Substance Registry System||Nitroethane (79-24-3)|
|RIDADR||UN 2842 3/PG 3|
|Autoignition Temperature||778 °F|
|Hazardous Substances Data||79-24-3(Hazardous Substances Data)|
|Toxicity||Acute oral LD50 for mice 860 mg/kg, rats 1,100 mg/kg (quoted, RTECS, 1985).|
|Product category:||pharmaceutical APIs and intermediate|
|Appearance:||colorless oily liquid|
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